(if you are reading this in your inbox, please go see the original article on PdPractice in order to see the videos and other media. Thanks!)
Last Friday, Avi Spector and I facilitated two very intense professional learning sessions with two very different groups of teachers in two very different parts of town.
On a Friday.
When I started the day, I felt exhausted and thought to myself – 8 hours until the weekend! But by the end of the day I felt invigorated. THIS is the magic of working in stations and offering flexible opportunities for teachers to talk about what matters to them. If I had gone in there to present a fancy slideshow, I would have ended the day even more tired from talking all day long.
Listening to teachers talk, watching them interact at different stations, seeing them use technology as par for the course, and hearing their feedback on the different activities, such as this reflection activity using flipgrid, was absolutely inspiring and affirming.
Friday’s sessions were two in a long line of different PD opportunities since August. Each of them represent another chapter in this year’s story about learning environments. More and more, both Avi and I are examining how we embed the principles of UDL (Universal Design for Learning) in what we do as we redesign our professional learning environments. Because – if we want to see this in our classrooms, we want to model this in our PD. I believe that, deeply.
So here are some highlights from various sessions since August.
We arrive early in order to set up our space. We want to model flexible learning environments that include different stations to facilitate small working groups as well as opportunities for personal learning & reflection. The stations tend to look something like this:
— Sébastien Deschamps (@sedeschamps) October 3, 2017
Here is an example of what our spaces might look like before we set them up:
And this is what our learning environments tend to look like once we set them up:
We are very intentional in our planning for these kinds of workshops. We design each one based not only on our subject matter but we want to make sure we differentiate our content and activities so that each of our participants can access what we are offering to them according to their comfort level and background knowledge.
To help us do that, we cycle through these orientations, adapted from CASTs 5 tips for designing learning environments:
Design the space to match the goal
Provide resource areas that everyone can access (This includes technology & digital resources)
Make learning processes visible in your environment
Make learning goals visible in your environment
In my next article, I will write about these orientations in more detail. They are becoming super influential in how I approach the learning environments in which I work.
How has your fall been? Everyone I talk to lately agrees that this fall seems even busier than ever. At first, I thought this was just in Adult Education since we are implementing a ton of new programs this year but I am hearing this from people in multiple sectors and I am starting to think that has something to do with a growing shift to re-examine teaching and learning within the context of our learning environments.
As I wrote in my first blog post of the year, I am looking closely at learning environments and the role they play in learning, in using technology while we teach and learn, and in changing how we offer professional learning opportunities to teachers.
The more I work with teachers, the more I realize that when we start to consider our environments of learning, the closer we are getting to ensuring equal access to learning for our students. And THAT makes me super happy!
Here is a quick look at some of the professional learning opportunities and resources that Avi and I have developed over the past month or so. You can click on the images to visit the different resources if you like. (direct link to the document: http://bit.ly/recitoct)
I use video a lot in my practice. I make video, I create online resources that incorporate video, and I use video in the workshops I offer. Lately, I hear students (and some parents) talk about how some of their teachers rely too heavily on video, that much of classtime revolves around class viewing of different videos. Also, I’ve begun to see a few articles claiming that video is not all it may be cracked out to be in the grand scheme of learning (see links to other resources at the bottom of this article).
And I agree…
..if all you are doing is getting learners to watch video as a replacement for you, the teacher.
Video will never kill the radio star in education! Why? Because while the location of content may be shifting, we must maintain our role as teacher in order to structure the learning. That has not changed.
I have long argued that the student teacher relationship is essential. I’d push that even further to say that this is even more acute in adult education. Many of our students, not all but a significant amount that I have met, have long-held wariness and even distrust towards the education system. Our relationship, is one of learning. When I show my students that I truly care about them as learners, I am working on relationship.
A student I worked with a few years ago once remarked, when I ask my teacher a question and he tells me to watch a video or go to a website instead of answering me, I feel like I am not important to him.
So how do we manage teaching with video when relationship is so important in learning?
The idea of a flipped classroom, where homework shifts to the watching of content videos outside of school so that classtime can be used for actively applying content instead of listening to the teacher deliver the content, has been around for – believe it or not – about 17 years.
The thing with a flipped classroom is that it holds a number of assumptions that I am just not comfortable making – the biggest one being equal access to technology outside of the classroom. In adult education, where many of our students have jobs and families, there is also the question of equal access to time and place for learning outside of school. This can be an issue at other levels as well.
Also, as teachers we know that the only thing we have control over is what happens in our classrooms. We have no control over things outside of that realm – and that includes over whether or not students will watch video, or do any kind of homework, at home.
Yet, I still believe that video can play an important role in the learning process. For the past couple of years, my colleague Avi Spector and I have been advocating for the well-structured use of video within the classroom. Essentially, you could say that we argue for flipping in the classroom instead of outside of it!
In our collaborations with teachers, we have learned about different strategies that work when it comes to using video for learning.
In this PD Mosaic tile, there is a video of Lindsay, a teacher who talks about how she structures the use of video with her second language adult students. Some of her key points are: ease of access – equity – autonomy.
What she doesn’t mention is that she teaches her class through the use of stations and that she structures the video viewing.
When students watch video on their own at a video station they are not truly on their own because of how a teacher structures the activity. Lindsay and other teachers use instruction cards at each station that clearly outline what is expected of the learners. In that way, the teacher is always present through how she scaffolds each part of a learning situation AND she is free to work with another group of students on a different aspect of the same learning situation.
Such an approach really helps to amplify the teacher student relationship.
(You can see sample instruction cards in the PD Mosaic tile pictured above – http://bit.ly/videoscaffolding.)
So teachers are not going anywhere and video is not enough on its own to enhance learning. But we can increase learning through relationship and how we scaffold our students’ learning experiences with video.
Watch that Hand: Why videos may not be the best medium for knowledge retention by Tina Nazarian on EdSurge, Oct 4, 2017
Hell-oooo! Watching videos does not necessarily lead to learning by Cathie Norris and Elliot Soloway in THE Journal: Transforming Education through Technology, May 6, 2015
This post is about my plans for the year. I call them my plans, but really they are a result of great planning and collaboration with a number of partners, in particular Avi Spector. Thank you!
I am also going to include some brand new resources that are available for you at the end of this post. This year is going to be great!
Happy New Year! This means a few different things at this time of year. It is the Jewish new year of 5778 and, I just discovered, the Muslim new year of 1439. We are also about a month into the 2017-2018 school year. This particular school year is a time for renewal as we transition into our new courses, the bulk of which will be mandatory by the end of this school year (breathe, it will all be fine!).
I feel like everyone must know my action plan by now, I’ve been talking about it so much, but I know that isn’t true so here is what is important to me this year.
I work with the RECIT so I’m a technology consultant, yet I hate the idea of asking teachers and students to do special projects just for the sake of integrating technology. We just need to make sure that our teachers and students have access to resources and to devices in order to better share and collaborate with others. When we change our environments, we can make sure that our spaces allow for better use of technology to do those things.
A couple of years ago, Avi and I realized that it was no longer enough to talk about cool ideas for teaching and learning. We had to just do it. The first time we did a workshop IN the style of what we were talking about (Stations) resulted in a number of teachers integrating stations into their classrooms. Almost immediately.
We learned the importance of modeling. It’s harder work for us. It would be so much easier for us to create our PowerPoint presentations and to talk for the entire workshop than to design active learning situations and participant-driven professional learning oportunities that model implicit use of technology for competency development. But we do it because we know it’s important. Teachers have told us and we are starting to see the results in classrooms.
So, this year the work I plan on doing will be framed by those ideas. I will continue to make videos and PD Mosaic tiles in collaboration with some of you. I will continue to share what we do on this blog, on Twitter, and additionally through Carrefour-FGA and RECIT newsletters as well as on The Launch. I will also share all of these resources in the different workshops and other learning sessions I design with Avi and other teachers and consultants. And I will continue to facilitate and participate in a variety of communities of practice related to learning environments (individualized and not), technology, and, of course, our new programs.
Here is one of my action plan presentations from last week, if you are interested in a few more details.
**And now the fun stuff – new resources!**
This is a selection of the new resources you can find on PD Mosaic. They include work by and for the teachers, consultants, and administrators we work with. Be sure to check out the main site to see if there is anything you haven’t seen yet! And please let me know if there is a resource you would like to develop with me!
Last May, a group of FSL teachers allowed me to record their thoughts about curriculum renewal in FSL. They spoke of their concerns as well as some solutions they felt will help them to get through these times of change.
The teachers were responding to questions asked in a series of videos created through a DEAFC project and presented by Caroline Mueller, PhD. and teacher at Place Cartier Adult Centre and Judith Davidson, Responsable des programmes d’études Francisation et Français, langue seconde DEAFC.
The videos talk about the new programs in SEC 3 and 4 FSL and present a new learning situation that can be used at both levels. They also address concerns and solutions related to the programs. The videos will be available soon – I’ll update you when they are!
Les conversations sont en français.
Concerns: New exams, creating new materials, and implementing multiple levels of new programming in one classroom.
Solutions: Collaboration! Whether it be having help in the classroom or working together outside of the classroom to develop materials, collaboration seemed to be the number one practice that is giving teachers hope through these times of change. One teacher also mentioned the need for mentoring as teachers try new things in their classrooms.
Notes: These conversations were originally recorded during a workshop delivered by Caroline Mueller at a Provincial Ped Day for DBE implementation organized by Isabelle Bertolotti, May 12, 2017. The background noises are other conversations that were happening during the workshop – the teachers had a lot to share!
Julie’s Online Student Resources, created in collaboration with Michelle Robinson at Hull Adult Education Centre.
FSL – French Second Language / FLS – Français Langue Seconde
DBE – Diversified Basic Education is the program for Secondary 3, 4, and 5 in Quebec Adult Education.